Why Eating Natural Probiotic Bryndza Cheese Benefits The Gut Microbiota Composition in Women

Can Probiotics Aid With Weight Loss?

There are many different ways to lose weight. Some people eat less food while others eat the same amount of food but do more exercise, and some others like eating healthy foods while doing a lot of physical activity.

It isn’t easy to find the best way to lose weight because so many different programs work differently for each person.

This study will talk about the effect of a short-term weight loss program on body composition and the composition of gut microbiota and selected blood metabolites. We will also discuss what Bryndza cheese ( made from sheep milk with probiotics ) benefits for microbiome and metabolic variables.

The Study About Consumption of Natural Probiotic Cheese for Weight Loss

The study had 30 participants, 22 of which met the criteria. The subjects were split into two groups: one group that did not take probiotics and one group that took probiotics.

The subjects had a 4-week weight loss intervention program, including reduced caloric intake and moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise. Each participant individually received detailed instructions and counseling about lifestyle changes, a personalized nutritional plan made using software PLANEAT and a physical activity plan.

Daily calorie consumption consisted of 45% carbohydrates, 30% fat, and 25% protein. In the Probiotic group, their diet contained 30 g of probiotic cheese (Bryndza). Altogether, 13 families, 24 genera, and 44 species of microbiota were identified in the cheese.

The most abundant microorganisms in the probiotic cheese(Bryndza) are Lactococcus, Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, and Enterococcus. 

All the subjects were asked to report their food consumption for feedback and control.

The Results of Consumption of Probiotic Cheese for Weight Loss

After completing the short-term weight loss program, there were significant differences in body composition characteristics in both groups.

The results showed a significant decrease in body weight, Body Mass Index, and body fat for both probiotic and placebo groups. Furthermore, there was also an increase in muscle mass for both groups.

However, there are no significant differences between the two.

After analysis of LAB bacteria, we found some significant changes. In the Probiotic group, we observed an increase in Lactobacillales and Streptococcaceae. Further, at a lower taxonomic level, the Probiotic group had increased the abundance of genera Lactococcus and Streptococcus. 

No significant changes in any LAB bacteria were observed with the Placebo group. We also found some bacterial shifts in SCFA-producing bacteria ( bacteria that produce short-chain fatty acids ). Phascolarctobacterium and Butyricimonas increased at the genus level in the Probiotic group compared to their baseline. 

The study also found a decrease in lipoprotein fraction Lipo1 and Lipo2 after the Probiotic intervention, which is helpful when losing weight.

The Conclusion

This study was done to see if a short-term weight loss program with or without Bryndza cheese consumption would affect the gut microbiota composition of healthy women. 

The study found that both intervention modalities decreased body weight, body mass index and body fat in both groups after completing the weight loss program. They also found higher amounts of LAB bacteria after Bryndza consumption and higher amounts of SCFA producing bacteria Phascolarctobacterium and Butyricimonas after Bryndza consumption.

Reference

Effects of Short-Term Weight Loss Programs and Bryndza Cheese on Gut Microbiota Composition in Women

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